WHAT IS TREATMENT?
❝ there is no best treatment for addiction
but there are a lot of good treatments ❞
Treatment implies something being done to help improve a disorder or condition of some kind. In addiction the notion of treatment can be traditional, such as taking medication, or much broader, such as help with housing.
What makes for a good treatment?
Many different treatments have been described. Broadly they divide into 'talking therapies' and 'prescription therapies'. Some treatments depend upon their environment, residential rehabilitation for example. Some treatments depend on physical contact with a therapist, acupuncture or massage for example. Most treatments can be accessed face to face with a therapist or online with or without therapist - it is a matter of preference. Prescribing therapies can be helpful and normally strengthen, rather than replace, talking therapies - these treatments only work for as long as medication is prescribed.
Apparently dissimilar talking therapies often turn out to have crucial ingredients in common. Importantly, the ingredients that are most effective are well known:
Set and keep checking goals
Provide encouragement to achieve goals
Provide rewards as goals are achieved
Set tasks to do outside the therapy sessions
Involve family and friends
Find alternative activities unlikely to trigger substance use
Rehearse ways of dealing with risky situations
Create flexibility to suit the individual
What does self directed treatment mean?
Many people prefer to sort out their addiction problem themselves. It often improves the chances of success to join a mutual aid group or get help online. Here is a brief introduction to the kind of interventions that you are likely to find online to guide you through self directed treatment or to assist you and your therapist working together on your treatment - EMCDDA (3:53)...
What makes for a good therapist?
The characteristics of the therapist are a really important part of how successful a treatment is going to be. There are charismatic therapists with few treatment skills who simply inspire people to do well but the best therapists:
Make the other person feel important
Understand the other person's situation
Are optimistic about change
Have expert knowledge of addiction and ways out of it
Convey their wish to help
Stick to a treatment plan
What matters about the person setting out on treatment?
The one thing that makes the most difference in treatment is the person setting out on the treatment journey. Quite simply where the person is starting from varies enormously. Things that are going to be a good influence on the outcome are:
Having supportive family and friends
Being ready to make lifestyle changes
Feeling able to move away from others with addiction problems
Having employment or satisfactory occupation and income
Having housing or at least reasonable accommodation
Believing that dependence can be eliminated
Being in reasonably good mental health