check out drink and drugs


Keyboard yellow.jpg

Copyright and permissions

in the UK copyright is a property right which is vested in the author or organisation producing the original work

🌐  The UK Copyright Service


The main images used throughout RESULT (as on this page) are the copyright of RESULT and may not be copied or used for any purpose without written permission.


The ownership and copyright conditions of scales sometimes change and it is always prudent to check whether any limitations on use apply.

The description of individual scales in the ‘Evidence Pages’ includes its copyright status.  RESULT has been given permission by each scale developer to reproduce and allow downloads of copyrighted scales that are reproduced on this website. Some developers wish to keep control on or make a charge for the use of their scale in which case RESULT provides a link to their website.

The point of developing a scale is for people to benefit from its use. At the same time developers want to be sure that their scale is not altered in a way that would make it invalid or incompatible with the scoring of the original scale. Creative Commons is a means of giving explicit permissions for use while retaining control of content.

Visit the 🌐  Creative Commons website

The Public Domain is the purest form of open access since no one owns or controls the material in any way. Works that are in the public domain in one legal jurisdiction are not necessarily in the public domain worldwide. Copyright laws differ from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, both in duration of protection and what constitutes copyrightable subject matter.

The Open Government Licence permits anyone to copy, publish, distribute, transmit and adapt the licensed work, and to exploit it both commercially and non-commercially. In return, the re-user of the licensed work has to acknowledge the source of the work and (if possible) provide a link to the Open Government Licence. This applies to output from agencies such as the Office for National Statistics.

Video recordings

All video recordings linked to this website are accessible via YouTube. Recordings that have been tagged with a Creative Commons licence, meaning that the creator has given permission for reuse, are embedded in the website so it can be viewed directly. Otherwise video links go to YouTube and show the recording.

Scientific Journal Articles

Usually the copyright of published journal articles belong to the journal. Some journals make articles freely available but most will make a charge to view or download an article. Most academic organisations will have arrangements for accessing journals and websites such as ResearchGate also have arrangements for downloading articles. RESULT shows the PubMed PMID or the DOI alongside references. If found the PMID or DOI links to PubMed abstracts - if no PMID  is found there may be a link to the Journal website. Access to the full article will depend on an individual's access permissions.