COMPARISON ::: Social Wellbeing Scales
scale characteristics and quality framework scores
Social wellbeing has consistently been associated with help-seeking and entry into treatment for alcohol and drug problems and is an important domain to measure in the evaluation of treatment outcome. Social wellbeing is one dimension of addiction - the others are substance use itself and psychological wellbeing. Social measures change more slowly than the other dimensions. The Social Satisfaction Questionnaire (SSQ) comes out as the best scale to use in routine practice and for research. It is one of only a few scale measuring the construct of social wellbeing. RESULT intends the SSQ to complement a psychological wellbeing measure. An alternative is to use a Quality of Life measure which has subscales for the two constructs.
SSQ :: Social Satisfaction Questionnaire designed for routine clinical practice and research
Substance use disorders span the socio-economic spectrum and the task of identifying norms to measure social functioning components of treatment outcome is fraught with difficulty. The SSQ taps into satisfaction in order to mitigate the effect of socio-economic status on addiction related problems thereby making the scale more universal. The eight items reflect key areas of social functioning Q1: accommodation Q2: living arrangements Q3: employment Q4: financial Q5: going out Q6: time with friends Q7: close relationship Q8: family relationship. Timeframe :: The last 30 days. Scoring :: All items are scored on a four point scale 0= 'very dissatisfied' 1= 'dissatisfied' 2= 'fairly satisfied' 3= 'satisfied' giving a maximum score of 24. Completion time :: <2minutes. Cut-off score :: The scale developers recommend using the scale as continuous data and so no cut-off scores have been designated. The higher the score the greater the satisfaction. Clinically significant change :: The reliable change value is >=4 and the functional population value is >=16 for both men and women.
BNSG :: Basic Needs Satisfaction in General designed for interventions emphasising social change
Self-Determination Theory postulates the existence of three basic needs: autonomy, competence, and relatedness. Autonomy refers to the need to feel that one’s behaviour and resulting outcomes are self-determined, or self-caused, competence refers to the need to feel effective and capable of performing tasks at varying levels of difficulty and relatedness refers to the need to feel connected to, supported by, or cared for by other people. All three needs must be fulfilled for psychological well-being to occur. There are 21 items - seven for each domain. Timeframe :: The timeframe is 'present state'. Scoring :: Items are scored on a seven point scale 1= 'not at all true' 4= 'somewhat true' 7= 'very true' giving a range 21-147. The higher the score the more satisfaction. Autonomy items: 1, 4(R), 8, 11(R), 14, 17, 20(R); Competence items: 3(R), 5, 10, 13, 15(R), 19(R); Relatedness items: 2, 6, 7(R), 9, 12, 16(R), 18(R), 21. Some items are reverse scored (R). Completion time :: Not specified. Cut-off score :: No cut-off scores have been designated